What are five Thinais?
The five tinais were kurinji (hilly/mountain region), palai ( parched/dry lands), mullai (pastoral tract), marutam (wet/ agricultural lands) and neital (coastal area).
What are the themes of mullai?
Patient waiting is the theme of mullai thinai. The time of the day, sirupozhudhu (சிறுபொழுது) depicted in the mullai thinai poems is ‘maalai’ or evening which is from 6pm till 10pm. The land, season and time are called the mudharporul(முதற்பொருள்), meaning the first characteristics of the thinai.
What is kurinji land?
Kurinji. This was the hilly, forested terrain rich with verdant slopes, flowers, birds, bees and wildlife. It was the home of the nomads, the hunters and lovers of nature. … The poems of this land abound with an energy and enthusiasm characteristic of a people who thrive in the wildness of nature.
Who were the Vellalas during the Sangam age?
Vellalars (also, Velalars, Vellalas) were, originally an elite caste of Tamil agricultural landlords in Tamil Nadu, Kerala states in India and in neighbouring Sri Lanka; they were the aristocracy of the ancient Tamil order (Chera/Chola/Pandya/Sangam era) and had close relations with the different royal dynasties.
What are the 5 landscapes?
Five landscape types were initially identified: agrarian, salt marshes, woods, fishing lagoons and rivers (Figure 2).
What is Marutham land?
Marutham: Paddy fields and adjoining lands. Named after the flowering marutham tree which grows in agricultural areas. … The trees are vanji, kanchi and marutham. Wells, ponds, rivers, and streams are all over the place.
Who is the God of Neithal?
Lord of the RegionsRegion (Tamil)Region (English)Chief GodMullaiForest regionMaayon (Lord Vishnu)MaruthamAgricultural regionIndiran (Indra)NeithalCoastal regionVarunan (Varuna)PalaiDesert regionKotravai (Kali)1 more row
How many landforms are there in Sangam age?
Later various subsects were formed based on more specific professions in each of the five landscapes (Kurinji, Mullai, Marutam, Neithal and Palai).
What is Neithal?
Neithal refers to the sea and adjoining lands. Palai doesn’t have a separate landform, whereas the Kurinji and Mullai lands dried by drought were referred to as Paalai. In fact these lands are mentioned as ‘naduvunilai’, meaning ‘in between’.