Question: What Are Five Thinais?

Who were the Vellalas during the Sangam age?

Vellalars (also, Velalars, Vellalas) were, originally an elite caste of Tamil agricultural landlords in Tamil Nadu, Kerala states in India and in neighbouring Sri Lanka; they were the aristocracy of the ancient Tamil order (Chera/Chola/Pandya/Sangam era) and had close relations with the different royal dynasties..

What was the occupation of the inhabitants of the kurinji region?

HuntingThe Kurinji Thinai refers to the hilly region. The people in this region were called Vettuvar and Kuravar. Hunting was their primary occupation. They also cultivated fruits and vegetables and gathered honey.

What is land and types of land?

The different types of land are known as biomes. These are divided into four classifications: desert, forest, grassland and tundra. Land biomes are typically defined by the type of vegetation they possess, the types of animals that inhabit them and their climate, such as rainfall and temperature.

What is the landform of Tamil Nadu?

Tamil Nadu is divided naturally between the flat country along the eastern coast and the hilly regions in the north and west. The broadest part of the eastern plains is the fertile Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta; farther south are the arid flatlands surrounding the cities of Ramanathapuram and Madurai (Madura).

Where is Palas located?

The Pala stronghold was located in Bengal and Bihar, which included the major cities of Vikrampura, Pataliputra, Gauda, Monghyr, Somapura, Ramvati (Varendra), Tamralipta and Jaggadala. The Palas were astute diplomats and military conquerors.

What is Neithal?

Neithal refers to the sea and adjoining lands. Palai doesn’t have a separate landform, whereas the Kurinji and Mullai lands dried by drought were referred to as Paalai. In fact these lands are mentioned as ‘naduvunilai’, meaning ‘in between’.

What are the five types of landforms in Tamilnadu?

These are Kurinji, or mountainous regions; Mullai, or forests; Marudham, the fertile croplands and plains; Neidhal, or the seashore, and Palai, the desert or wasteland. All of these exist in Tamil Nadu, and are a lovely framework to explore the natural landscape of the state.

What are the literary sources of Sangam literature?

Sangam Literature: Major source giving details of Sangam Age The Sangam literature includes Tolkappiyam, Ettutogai, Pattuppattu, Pathinenkilkanakku, and two epics named – Silappathikaram and Manimegalai . Tolkappiyam was authored by Tolkappiyar and is considered the earliest of Tamil literary work.

What is the meaning of Marutham?

Marutham, Girl/Female means: Honey. In Indian, Tamil, the name Marutham is most often used as the name of a Girl/Female. And in Indian, Tamil, the Girl/Female name Marutham means Honey.

What are the three Sangam?

According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period. Historians use the term Sangam period to refer the last of these, with the first two being legendary.

What are the sources of Sangam age?

These inscriptions are also the oldest Jain inscriptions in South India and among the oldest in all of India. References to Sangam age Chera dynasty are found in Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions of 3rd century CE found on rocks in Edakal hill in Wynad district of Kerala.

Which is the highest plateau in the world?

Tibetan PlateauThe largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. It stretches through the countries of Tibet, China, and India and occupies an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles), which is four times the size of the U.S. state of Texas.

How many municipalities are there in Tamilnadu?

Tamil Nadu, the 11th largest state in India by area. As of 2020, the state has 38 districts, 15 municipal corporations and 146 municipalities. On 14 February 2019, the state government announced in the Assembly that Hosur and Nagercoil will be upgraded to municipal corporations.

What are the 5 landscapes?

Five landscape types were initially identified: agrarian, salt marshes, woods, fishing lagoons and rivers (Figure 2).

Who is the God of kurinji?

Lord of the RegionsRegion (Tamil)Region (English)Chief GodKurinjiMountainous regionMurugan (Lord Karthikeya)MullaiForest regionMaayon (Lord Vishnu)MaruthamAgricultural regionIndiran (Indra)NeithalCoastal regionVarunan (Varuna)1 more row

What is kurinji land?

Kurinji. This was the hilly, forested terrain rich with verdant slopes, flowers, birds, bees and wildlife. It was the home of the nomads, the hunters and lovers of nature. … The poems of this land abound with an energy and enthusiasm characteristic of a people who thrive in the wildness of nature.

How the Palai region is formed?

4. How the palai(dry land) region is formed? Palai region is formed due to the drying up of Kurinji and Mullai land.

What is Marutham land?

Marutham: Paddy fields and adjoining lands. Named after the flowering marutham tree which grows in agricultural areas. … The trees are vanji, kanchi and marutham. Wells, ponds, rivers, and streams are all over the place.

Who coined the term cultural landscape?

Cultural geographer Carl Sauer coined the term, “cultural landscape” in 1925 and explained it in the following terms; “culture is the agent; the natural area is the medium; the cultural landscape the result.” This explanation illustrates the rather broad nature of the concept; it is not, as is often believed, …

What is called Sangam?

Sangam means a gathering of learned men. The literature compiled in such gatherings is known as ‘Sangam Literature’. It is the most ancient literature in Tamil. A whole time period is labelled after this known as the Sangam Age.

What is the total number of corporation in Tamilnadu?

There are 15 Municipal Corporations in the state.